SAT Test Structure
The analogies will
follow the sentence completion questions. You will see a total of 19 analogy
questions, 6 in one 30 minute verbal section and 13 in the other. Each group of
analogy questions will be arranged in order of difficulty.
An analogy is two words with a direct relationship
In other words, you
won't see NEWSPAPER : WATCH :: in your SAT test. Why? Because there is no direct
relationship between newspaper and watch and they are, therefore, not an analogy.
What not to do
The biggest mistake we
have encountered with analogies are students who want to insist on approaching
them by saying "Wallet is to money as ..." While this may sound
official, it is the wrong way to approach the analogies questions.
The right way to
approach the SAT analogies
Make up a short sentence
that includes both words in the analogy. Example: A wallet contains money.
(It's supposed to anyway.) Try to keep this sentence short and use an active
verb whenever possible. If you still have a problem (say because the sentence
you created fits most or even all of the answer choices) go back and make the
question more specific.
elimination is your friend
As with other sections
of the SAT, you will probably be able to use our advice to
eliminate at least one of the answer choices and increase the benefit from
SAT's own restrictive rules to your personal advantage!
If you are
faced with an analogy and you are unsure if the words are to be used as verbs,
adjectives, or nouns, check the answer choices. The SAT requires that all of its
choices agree with the analogy pair for parts of speech. This should help you
form a good sentence.
all the choices
in mind, the SAT asks you for the best answer choice. Sometimes
the best choice is not perfect. Even if you think you see the best answer choice
immediately, do spend at least a few seconds considering the other choices in
case one of these proves to be even better.
get tripped up on vocabulary
anywhere between 500 and 1,000 vocabulary words that show up rather consistently
on the SAT. This may sound like a lot of words, but with a few hours of study
you should be relatively well prepared. Besides being able to impress -- or
unimpress -- your friends and family with a few new words, you will be able to
increase your SAT score rather efficiently since the test writers do heavily
favor a relatively small number of obscure vocabulary words.
go from here:
The SAT test's
favorite analogy types